Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,023 words)

, Turkestan , a Persian term meaning “land of the Turks”.

1. As a designation for the Central Asian lands to the north of modern Persia and Afg̲h̲ānistān.

This roughly corresponded to the older Transoxania or Mā warāʾ al-nahr [q.v.] and the steppe lands to its north, although these last were from Mongol times onwards (sc. the 13th century) often distinguished as Mog̲h̲olistān [q.v.]. To the Persians, of course, only the southern frontier of the land of the Turks, the frontier against Īrān, was of importance and this frontier naturally depended on political conditions. On their very firs…

Cite this page
Barthold, W., Bosworth, C.E. and Poujol, Catherine, “Turkistān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7643>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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