(a.) means basically "wood, piece of wood, plank, spar" (pls. aʿwād , ʿīdān ).
I. In daily life
1. ʿŪd as perfume and incense and as a medicament
In the Arabic materia medica it indicates the so-called "aloe wood". This designation, used in trade, is conventional but incorrect because aloe wood is called ṣabr [q.v.]. ʿŪd has to do with certain kinds of resinous, dark-coloured woods with a high specific weight and a strong aromatic scent, which were used in medicine as perfume and incense ( ʿūd al-bak̲h̲ūr ) and were highly coveted becau…