Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(310 words)

, a town of Central India in what was the mediaeval Islamic sultanate of Mālwā [q.v.] and at times its capital. It is now a fair-sized town in the westernmost part of Madhya Pradesh State in the Indian Union (lat. 23° 11′ N., long. 75° 50′ E.).

Renowned since Mauryan and Gupta times as a sacred site for Hindus, it also played a leading role in Indian astronomy, since the ancient Indians came to calculate longitudes from the meridian of Ud̲j̲d̲j̲ayn [see al-Ḳubba ]. Hence the town appears in Ptolemy’s Geography as Ozēnē, in the geographical section of Ibn Rusta’s encyclopaedia as ʾdh. y.n for Uzza…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Ud̲j̲d̲j̲ayn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7683>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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