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ʿUmar (II) b. ʿAbd al- ʿAzīz
(1,379 words)

b. Marwān b. al-Ḥakam, Abū Ḥafṣ al-As̲h̲ad̲j̲d̲j̲, fifth caliph of the Marwānid branch of the Umayyad dynasty [q.v.], reigned 99/717 to 101/720.

ʿUmar was probably born in Medina, around 60/680, although some sources say that he was born in Egypt. He spent his early years in both places, especially in Ḥulwān in Egypt, where his father resided as governor in the years 65-86/686-705. Nevertheless, it was in Medina that ʿUmar was educated, and it was there that he allegedly first associated with prominent pious figures and muḥaddit̲h̲ūn . After ʿUmar’s father died, his uncle, the caliph ʿAbd a…

Cite this page
Cobb, P.M., “ʿUmar (II) b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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