Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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ʿUmar K̲h̲ayyam
(8,232 words)

, renowned Persian scholar and poet of the Sald̲j̲ūḳ period (ca. 439-517/1048-1123).

1. Biography

Al-Imām Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḵh̲ayyāmī is thus named in the Mīzān al-ḥikma which ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Ḵh̲āzinī composed in 515/1121, often mentioning Ḵh̲ayyām for his scientific works. Abū Ḥafṣ is a kunya customarily associated with the name ʿUmar, and al-Ḵh̲ayyāmī is the form which would be expected in an Arabic work; it would be pointless to speculate on the origin of this name, as to whether, for example, this was a man belonging to a f…

Cite this page
Fouchécour, Ch.-H. De and Rosenfeld, B.A., “ʿUmar K̲h̲ayyam”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1284>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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