Umayya b. Abi ’l-Ṣalt
(594 words)

b. Abī Rabīʿa, preIslamic poet and member of the T̲h̲aḳīf [q.v.] tribe of al-Ṭāʾif, related, through his mother Ruḳayya bt. ʿAbd S̲h̲ams, to the Meccan aristocracy, with whom he enjoyed a close affinity, if his panegyrics on the notables ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḏj̲uʿdān and Ḥarb b. Umayya [q.v.] and his threnody for the Meccans slain at Badr [q.v.] are genuine.

Umayya’s existence has never been questioned (he is lauded in a poem by Surāḳa b. Mirdās [q.v.]), although every aspect of the traditional picture of him (given by Ibn Ḳutayba, al-S̲h̲iʿr , 279 as “he had read the ancient scriptures of …

Cite this page
Montgomery, J.E., “Umayya b. Abi ’l-Ṣalt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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