Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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, conventionally Oujda, a town of eastern Morocco, 14 km/8 miles from the Algerian frontier in the southern part of the Angad plain. Despite its eccentric position, Wad̲j̲da is today the eighth largest town of Morocco, with 352,000 inhabitants in 1994. It has a strategic situation as a crossroads of the route from Fās to Orania and the axis of the route from the high plateaux to the Mediterranean; it has been fought over all through the centuries, and destroyed and rebuilt repeatedly.

1. Pre-modern history.

It was founded in 384/994 by Zīrī b. ʿAṭiyya, head of the great Zenāta Be…

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Marçais, G. and Troin, J.F., “Wad̲j̲da”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1325>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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