Waraḳa b. Nawfal
(1,222 words)

, an early Arabian monotheist and contemporary of the Prophet.

Biographical details concerning Waraḳa are few in number and legendary in character, since in one way or another they all relate to his kerygmatic role in the narrative of Muḥammad’s earliest revelation. Waraḳa was the son of Nawfal b. Asad b. ʿAbd al-ʿUzzā b. Ḳuṣayy, who is said to have been killed in the last “Battle of the Sacrilege” ( yawm al-Fid̲j̲ār al-āk̲h̲ir ) (Ibn al-Kalbī, D̲j̲amharat al-nasab , Beirut 1986, 68-9), and of Hind bt. Abī Kat̲h̲īr. He was thus the cousin of the Prophet’s first wife K̲h̲adīd̲j̲a [q.v.], but u…

Cite this page
C. F. Robinson, “Waraḳa b. Nawfal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7863>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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