Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,428 words)

, conventionally Vidin, a town of northwestern Bulgaria and a port on the River Danube (lat. 44° 00’ N., long. 22° 50’ E.).

The low bank (30-37 m high) has been reinforced with dykes; in the past the town used to remain an island in the marshes created during the spring floods of the Danube. It emerged as the Roman fortress of Bononia on the foundations of a Thracian settlement at Kaleto, a place where the flood does not reach. In the Middle Ages, under the name of Bdin, it was the centre of a bishopric in the Bulgari…

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Svetlana Ivanova, “Widin”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7913>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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