Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,170 words)

(a.), lit. “cleansing”, the minor ablution, purification from a minor source of impurity ( ḥadat̲h̲ ), obligatorily required for the performing of certain acts of the Islamic religion, including worship [see Ṣalāt ]. For the major ablution, see g̲h̲usl .

Together with worship, almsgiving, fasting and pilgrimage, purification ( ṭahāra ), or the fact of putting oneself in a state of purity ( ṭuhr ), is one of the five cultic acts ( ʿibādāt ) that make up, according to the religious lawyers, the bases ( uṣūl ) of Islam (see Abū Muḥammad al-D̲j̲uwaynī, Tabṣira , Beirut 1994, 20). The enormou…

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Chaumont, E., “Wuḍūʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7925>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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