Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Yād̲j̲ūd̲j̲ wa-Mād̲j̲ūd̲j̲
(3,523 words)

, sc. Gog and Magog, the names of apocalyptic peoples known from biblical (Ezekiel xxxviii, xxxix, Apocalypse, xx. 7-10) and Ḳurʾānic eschatology. Ḳurʾān, XVIII, 93-8, refers to D̲h̲u ’l-Ḳarnayn erecting a barrier/rampart (sadd/radm) against them, which, at the end of time, God Himself will raze. Ḳurʾān, XXI, 96, is an apocalyptic metaphor: “Till, when Gog and Magog are unloosed, and they slide down ( yansilūna ) out of every slope” (tr. A.J. Arberry).

Names . The reading ϒād̲j̲ūd̲j̲ wa-Mād̲j̲ūd̲j̲ (without hamza ) was preferred by most of the Ḥid̲j̲āzī and ʿIrāḳī ḳurrāʾ , while ʿĀṣim [q.…

Cite this page
E. van Donzel and Claudia Ott, “Yād̲j̲ūd̲j̲ wa-Mād̲j̲ūd̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1353>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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