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(3,337 words)

, Yazīdiyya , the name of a mainly Kurdish-speaking group whose communal identity is defined by their distinctive religious tradition.

Appellations and definitions. The Kurdish appellation generally used by the community itself is Ēzdī , with a variant Ēzīdī . Most Western scholars now hold that the word derives from the name of Yazīd b. Muʿāwiya [q.v.]; a derivation from Old Iranian yazata , Middle Persian yazad “divine being”, was once widely accepted and is still preferred by many Yazīdīs. Popular etymologies include a derivation of the term from ez , which is understood to mea…

Cite this page
P.G. Kreyenbroek, “Yazīdī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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