Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,434 words)

b. Mattā , the prophet Jonah, son of Amittai (II Kings xiv. 25). The name entered Arabic ultimately from the Greek Septuagint rendering of the Hebrew, most likely transmitted through Christian Palestinian.

The Ḳurʾān mentions Jonah four times as Yūnus, without giving his father’s name, once as D̲h̲u ’l-Nūn (XXI, 87) and once (LXVIII, 48) as ṣāḥib al-ḥūt “the Man of the Whale”. Yūnus is the only one of the major and minor biblical prophets who is mentioned by name in the Ḳurʾān; a prophet who is swallowed by a whale naturally figured significantly in t…

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, B. Heller-[A. Rippin], “Yūnus”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8032>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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