Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,134 words)

, i.e. Ẓafār i, the name of the ancient capital of the South Arabian kingdom of Ḥimyar. The present small village of the same name on the ruins of the ancient town is located approximately 8 km/5 miles to the south of the town of Yarīm; the geographical co-ordinates of Ẓafār are lat. 14° 13′ N. and long. 44° 24′ E.

The identity of the site has been known in Yemen since Antiquity and is confirmed by Late Sabaic inscription found at this place. The site of Ẓafār is located at the foot of a hilltop with the ruins of an ancient castle, and remains of foundations and walls can…

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Müller, W.W., “Ẓafār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8064>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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