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Ẓāhir al- ʿUmar al-Zaydānī
(725 words)

, local ruler in northern Palestine in the 18th century (ca. 1690-1775).

His father and grandfather had already been multazim s of Tiberias, and as a young man, Ẓāhir al-ʿUmar struck an alliance with the al-Ṣaḳr tribe of eastern Galilee and made Tiberias his first power base. The 1730s were filled with efforts to expand his realm and consolidate his rule. In 1738 he conquered the fortress of D̲j̲iddīn, which controlled the region of Tars̲h̲īḥa, Wabar and Abū Sinān, and Ṣafad surrendered to him shortly after. Ẓāhir’s growing…

Cite this page
Philipp, T., “Ẓāhir al-ʿUmar al-Zaydānī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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