(1,050 words)

, a generic name for the Turkish mountaineers in Western Anatolia, especially in the regions of Izmir, Aydin, and Manisa.

Various etymologies have been proposed for Zeybek, none completely satisfactory. Thus M.R. Gazimihal claimed that it derived from a place name among the Ki̊rg̲h̲i̊z in Central Asia ( Zeybek sözü , in Fikir , no. 2 [1947], 20-3); H.H. Bayindir asserted that it came from saǧbek , meaning a wise, trustworthy man ( Tarihte zeǧbeklik ve musiki , Aydin 1964, 17); and S. Türkoǧlu suggested that it originated from either su / sü bek , meaning a military leader, or zeyl -i beǧ (i.e. d̲h…

Cite this page
Leiser, G., “Zeybek”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8161>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲