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Zubayda bt. Ḏj̲aʿfar
(645 words)

b. Abī D̲j̲aʿfar al-Manṣūr [q.v.], Umm D̲j̲aʿfar (d. 216/831-2), wife of the caliph Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd [q.v.], mother of his successor Muḥammad al-Amīn [q.v.]. Her name was Amat al-ʿAzīz (“handmaid of the Almighty”), but she is known by her pet name Zubayda (“little butter ball”), given to her by her grandfather al-Manṣūr on account of her plumpness and radiant looks. Her beauty, intelligence, extravagance and generosity made her one of the most admired women in her time. She set the fashion at the caliphal court and added to its splen…

Cite this page
Jacobi, Renate, “Zubayda bt. Ḏj̲aʿfar”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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