Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

(816 words)

, the planet Venus. The Arabic name is derived from the root z-h-r meaning “to shine, be radiant”, appropriate for the brightest planet whose magnitude can reach 4.4; perhaps in consequence of this, it was sometimes referred to as the white planet (LA). Z-h-r does not seem to have cognates referring to Venus in other ancient languages. Its Persian name is (A) nāhīd .

From Antiquity it was well known that the “morning” and “evening” stars were in fact the same planet, and that this planet, Venus, stayed fairly close (within 48°) to the sun. According to ancie…

Cite this page
Hartner, W. and Ragep, F.J., “Zuhara”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8195>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲