Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ẓulm
(2,783 words)

(a., verbal noun of form I), basically meaning, according to the authoritative lexicologists, “putting a thing in a place not its own” (Lane, LA, TA), i.e. displacement. In the moral sphere, it denotes acting in such a way as to transgress the proper limit and encroach upon the right of some other person. In common usage, ẓulm has come to signify wrongdoing, evil, injustice, oppression and tyranny, particularly by persons who have power and authority. Frequently it is therefore used as the antonym to ʿadl [q.v.], inṣāf [q.v.] and ḳisṭ and (sometimes by expressing a slightly differen…

Cite this page
Badry, Roswitha and Lewis, B., “Ẓulm”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1393>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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