Ashraf Ghilzay
(618 words)

Ashraf Ghilzay ruled over a considerable portion of Iran as Ashraf Shāh from 1137/1725 until 1142/1729. Ashraf was the eldest son of ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (r. 1127-9/1715–7), a brother of Mīr Vays (the mayor of Qandahar who launched an Afghan uprising against the Ṣafavids in 1121/1709 and ruled independently 1121–7/1709–15). He was a leader of the Hotak tribe of the Ghilzay Pashtūn confederation. Ashraf was a leader in the Afghan invasion of Iran in 1133–5/1721–2, but upon the installation of his cousin …

Cite this page
Tucker, Ernest, “Ashraf Ghilzay”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2009
First print edition: 9789004181311, 2009, 2009-4

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