Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Aḥmadiyya (Badawiyya)
(584 words)

The Aḥmadiyya, the most important Ṣūfī brotherhood in present-day Egypt, is said to have been founded by Sayyid al-Badawī (d. 675/1276). It consisted initially of a group of disciples attached to al-Badawī, who was himself probably affiliated with the Rifāʿiyya, a Ṣūfī order that developed in Lower Iraq, towards the end of the sixth/twelfth century, and traced itself back to the Shāfiʿī shaykh Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-Rifāʿī (d. 578/1182). These disciples were the so-called “men of the roof” (aṣḥāb al-saṭḥ), who were known to perform meditations on rooftop terraces, whence the nam…

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Mayeur-Jaouen, Catherine, “Aḥmadiyya (Badawiyya)”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 06 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_23933>
First published online: 2016
First print edition: 9789004305748, 2016, 2016-1

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