Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Antimony
(789 words)

Antimony compounds have been used in Muslim countries from pre-Islamic times onwards, in cosmetics for the eye and in ophthalmic remedies. According to Islamic tradition, even Muḥammad recommended use of these compounds as eye makeup, as they were thought to be beneficial to the eye (al-Qazwīnī, 210). The chemical element antimony (symbol Sb, atomic number 51), a lustrous grey metalloid, is found in nature mainly in the form of compounds. The most important of these is stibnite (antimony sulphid…

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Käs, Fabian, “Antimony”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 19 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24488>
First published online: 2014
First print edition: 9789004269613, 2014, 2014-2



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