Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Askiyā Muḥammad
(1,324 words)

Askiyā al-ḥājj Muḥammad b. Abī Bakr Ture (r. 898–935/1493–1529) was the most famous ruler of the Songhay empire, in West Africa. He was born in about 846–7/1443 and was a Soninke (Mande) by his father and perhaps Songhay by his mother. He served the founder of the Songhay empire, Sonni ʿAlī (or Shī ʿAlī, r. 869–98/1464–5–1492) as governor of Hombori province, on Songhay’s southern border, with the title of Tondi-farma (governor of the Bandiagara uplands), and as a general in his army. He was about…

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Vikør, Knut S., “Askiyā Muḥammad”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 19 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24991>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 9789004356634, 2018, 2018-2

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