(1,509 words)

The ʿAlids are descendants of ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, the first Shīʿī imām and the fourth caliph. ʿAlī is reported by most sources on ʿAlid (ʿAlawī) genealogy to have had eight-een sons (fourteen, according to al-Ṭabarī, and eleven according to al-Masʿūdī), and some seventeen daughters (Table 1).

Only five of ʿAlī's sons left issue: al-Ḥasan and al-Ḥusayn (by Fāṭima, the daughter of the prophet Muḥammad); Muḥammad, known as Muḥammad b. al-Ḥanafiyya (by Khawla, from the Banū Ḥanīfa); al-ʿAbbās (by Umm al-Banīn, from the Banū Kilāb); and ʿUmar (fro…

Cite this page
Daftary, Farhad, “ʿAlids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 19 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_26329>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: 9789004171374, 2008, 2008-2

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