Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Avarice, in premodern Arabic literature
(1,070 words)

Avarice (bukhl, luʾm) in Arabic lexicographical works is generally defined as “the opposite of generosity (karam, jūd)” or as “not giving in the case of need” (see definition in al-Taʿrīfāt). A distinction is made between “passive” avarice (bukhl, avarice with respect to one’s own money, being miserly) and “active” avarice, or greed (shuḥḥ, shaḥḥ, avarice directed at someone else’s money, coveting someone else’s wealth) (see definitions in al-Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ, Lisān al-ʿArab, and al-Taʿrīfāt). Avarice can have varying degrees of both intensity and range (that is, it c…

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Ghersetti, Antonella, “Avarice, in premodern Arabic literature”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 03 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27642>
First published online: 2016
First print edition: 9789004305748, 2016, 2016-1



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