Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ḥisba (modern times)
(1,347 words)

The term ḥisba refers generally to the duty of all Muslims to promote moral rectitude and more specifically applies to the function of supervising markets, ensuring the honesty of merchants and craftspeople. In modern times, the notion of ḥisba in both senses—as a moral obligation incumbent upon members of the Muslim community and as a government function—has undergone significant changes. On the one hand, the office of muḥtasib, the supervisor of the markets and enforcer of public order and morals, which existed since the early days of Islam and was always con…

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Thielmann, Jörn, “Ḥisba (modern times)”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 18 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30485>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 9789004335721, 2017, 2017-3



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