Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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ʿAbd al-Ghafūr of Swāt
(1,336 words)

ʿAbd al-Ghafūr, the Akhūnd of Swāt (1794–1877), was born at Jabrai, in Upper Swāt, now in Khyber Pukhtūnkhwa, Pakistan (akhūnd is a common term for a cleric in Iran, Azerbaijan, and parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan; the term was also applied locally to a person who looked after a mosque). Beginning life as a herd-boy, he resolved, at the age of eighteen, to devote himself to a religious life. In pursuit of religious education and spiritual attainment he sojourned in various places. He settled finally on the bank of the Indus, near Bekā, where he dwelt for twelve years in a zūz-khāna (camel-tho…

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Sultan-i-Rome, Dr., “ʿAbd al-Ghafūr of Swāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 23 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24647>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 9789004282100, 2015, 2015-1

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