Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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ʿAbdallāh Shaṭṭār
(990 words)

ʿAbdallāh Shaṭṭār (d. 890/1485) propagated a new Ṣūfī community, the Shaṭṭāriyya, which became influential in tenth/sixteenth-century South Asia. His followers encouraged synthesis with Hindu ideals in music, literature and Yogic devotions.

1. Life

Nicknamed Shaṭṭār (swift-paced) and given the title “Shāh” (king), he lived in the vicinity of Samarqand and was the khalīfa of Shaykh Muḥammad ʿĀrif in the ʿIshqiyya (not Muḥammad ʿĀshiq, as reported in Niẓāmī). The ʿIshqiyya is a Ṣūfī ṭarīqa in Central Asia that goes b…

Cite this page
Kugle, Scott, “ʿAbdallāh Shaṭṭār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 01 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_23912>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004252691, 2013, 2013-4

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