Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(826 words)

Aden (Ar. ʿAdan), a seaport on the Gulf of Aden, in the south of the Republic of Yemen, was known as a port as early as pre-Islamic times (Löfgren, ʿAdan, EI2; Shihāb, chaps. 2–5). During the first Islamic centuries it came under the de jure rule of the Umayyad and early ʿAbbāsid caliphates, through their governors, who ruled Yemen from Ṣanʿāʾ. The Ziyādids of Zabīd, nominally ʿAbbāsid vassals, took control of the town in the third/ninth century. After a phase of independent rule by the local Banū Maʿn dynasty, about whom li…

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Peskes, Esther, “Aden”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 07 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_SIM_0188>
First published online: 2007
First print edition: 9789004161634, 2007, 2007-2

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