Agung, Sultan
(1,283 words)

Sultan Agung (r. 1613–46), was the greatest of the kings of the Mataram dynasty of Java and a major reconciler of Javanese and Islamic identities. Sultan Agung (“great Sultan”) was an appellation used only after the ruler’s death. Earlier in his reign he held a series of Javanese titles: Pangeran (“prince, lord”), and Panembahan and Susunan (both meaning “honoured lord”), acquiring the title of “sultan” only in 1641. He is nevertheless referred to as “Sultan Agung” throughout Javanese sources and in the historical literature.

Before Agung came to the throne, his predecessors Se…

Cite this page
Ricklefs, M. C., “Agung, Sultan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2007
First print edition: 9789004161634, 2007, 2007-2

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