Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Ahl al- Kisāʾ
(374 words)

Ahl al-Kisāʾ (the people of the cloak) generally refers to the group comprising the prophet Muḥammad, his daughter Fāṭima, his cousin and son-in-law ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, and his grandsons al-Ḥasan and al-Ḥusayn. This pentad has also been designated aṣḥāb al-kisāʾ and āl al-ʿabāʾ.

The source of this expression is a ḥadīth known as ḥadīth al-kisāʾ (also as ḥadīth al-ʿabāʾ), recorded in both Sunnī and Shīʿī collections of traditions. According to this ḥadīth, one day in the house belonging to either ʿAlī or the prophet’s wife Umm Sal-ama, the Prophet was wearing a cloak (kisāʾ or ʿabāʾ) of blac…

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Daftary, Farhad, “Ahl al-Kisāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 12 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_SIM_0311>
First published online: 2008
First print edition: 9789004161658, 2008, 2008-1

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