Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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al-Azdī, Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh 
(1,273 words)

Abū Ismāʿīl Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh al-Azdī al-Baṣrī (d. c.210/825) was an early historian (akhbārī) who is credited with one of the oldest preserved historical works in Arabic, the Futūḥ al-Shām (“The conquests of Syria”). Al-Azdī is barely mentioned in the biographical literature (see Ibn Ḥibbān, al-Thiqāt, 9:84; Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī, Ḥilyat al-awliyāʾ, 3:128; for two more entries most likely referring to al-Azdī’s father, see al-Bukhārī, al-Taʾrīkh al-kabīr, 3:134; Ibn Ḥibbān, al-Thiqāt, 8:343). His full name is derived from later sources (fourth/tenth century …

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Scheiner, Jens, “al-Azdī, Muḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_46064>
First print edition: , , 2023-1

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