Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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al-Ḥīra
(861 words)

Al-Ḥīra was the capital of the Arab principality of the Lakhmids or Naṣrids (c. 300 to 602 C.E.). Located near present-day Najaf, in Iraq, the site began to attract nomad settlers taking advantage of the power vacuum resulting from the turmoil in the early third century C.E. between the decline of the Arsacids and the rise of the Sāsānids. Simultaneous changes in the ecosystem and microclimate also favoured the establishment of the city in an area that had now become fertile and salubrious. The …

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Toral-Niehoff, Isabel, “al-Ḥīra”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 20 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_30481>
First published online: 2016
First print edition: 9789004305786, 2016, 2016-5



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