Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(949 words)

Al-Jārūdiyya were one of two discrete groups (the other being al-Batriyya/Butriyya) that reportedly came together in Kufa around the rebellion of ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (d. 122/740) that gave rise to the Zaydī Shīʿa. The Zaydīs hold that the Imāmate (the leadership of the Muslim community) is the common property of all the descendants of ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (d. 40/661) through his two sons by his wife Fāṭima (the Prophet’s daughter, d. 11–2/632–3?), al-Ḥasan (d. 49/669–70) and al-Ḥusayn (d. 61/680). Any of these descendants may claim the Imāmate by “summoning” (daʿwa) public…

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Haider, Najam I., “al-Jārūdiyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_32763>
First published online: 2021
First print edition: 9789004435964, 20210701, 2021-4

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