Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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al-Rashīd, Mawlāy
(1,310 words)

Mawlāy al-Rashīd b. al-Sharīf b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. ʿAlī was the first ʿAlawī sultan (r. 1069–82/1659–72) of Morocco. As in the case of the Saʿdī dynasty (r. 916–1069/1510–1659), the ʿAlawī claim to the sultanate was founded on their sharīfian lineage, that is, as descendants of the prophet Muḥammad. In the inland trading town of Sijilmāsa, Mawlāy al-Rashīd’s ancestor, Ḥasanī Shurafāʾ (or al-Ḥasan al-Dākhil; d. 676/1277), had founded a Ṣūfī lodge (zāwiya) several generations before the ʿAlawī ascension to power. In the power vacuum left by the fractured Saʿdī stat…

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Kitlas, Peter, “al-Rashīd, Mawlāy”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 02 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_36308>
First published online: 2020
First print edition: 9789004413481, 2020, 2020-6

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