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ʿAlī Shīr Navāʾī
(3,503 words)

Niẓām al-Dīn ʿAlī Shīr Navāʾī (844–906/1441–1501), also known as Mīr ʿAlī Shīr, was an important cultural and political figure during the reign of the last great Tīmūrid ruler, Sulṭān Ḥusayn Bāyqarā (r. 873–911/1469–1506), and an outstanding Chaghatay Turkic poet writing under the pen name Navāʾī.

Born in Herat (in present-day Afghanistan) on 17 Ramaḍān 844/9 February 1441, ʿAlī Shīr was the scion of a cultured family of Uyghur bakhshīs, or Turkic chancery scribes, who had long been in the service of the Tīmūrid dynastic family. His father, Ghiyāth al-Dīn Kichik…

Cite this page
Subtelny, Maria E., “ʿAlī Shīr Navāʾī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004203532, 2011, 2011-1

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