Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Arabs (historical)
(3,196 words)

Arabs (ʿarab) as a designation for groups of people in Arabia and adjacent areas is documented continuously from the middle of the ninth century B.C.E. to the present.

1.The pre-Islamic evidence

The term appears for the first time as the epithet of a person called Gindibu ar-ba-a-a (= arbāya), whose name is found in a list of kings of Syria in the monolith inscription of the Assyrian king Salmaneser III (r. 858–24 B.C.E.), …

Cite this page
Retsö, Jan, “Arabs (historical)”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Devin J. Stewart. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_22957>
First published online: 2010
First print edition: 9789004183964, 2010, 2010-2

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