(905 words)

ʿArīf , a term that refers to certain military or civil officials, was used during the Umayyad period to designate a paymaster in the army (corresponding to the Byzantine optio), but seemingly also a collector of ṣadaqa from Arabian tribesmen (al-Iṣfahānī, al-Aghānī, Cairo 1927–, 11:248f.; cf. 3:62). At other times the term has designated variously a commander of a small military unit, a leader of the inquisition against zindīqs, an overseer of a particular section of the market (Wakīʿ, Akhbār al-quḍāʾ, ed. ʿAbdallāh al-Marāghī, Cairo 1947–50, 2:347), a leader of other arti…

Cite this page
Crone, Patricia, “ʿArīf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 18 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_SIM_0098>
First published online: 2007
First print edition: 9789004150171, 2007, 2007-1

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