Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(458 words)

Ayin means “rite” or “ceremony” in Turkish. Although used to signify other types of worship, the term, an abbreviation of ayin-i şerif, is employed by the Mevlevīs (also known as the “Whirling Dervishes”) to refer to music that accompanies their mystical ritual (the semāʿ). It is a complex programme of instrumental compositions (peşrevler, semaīler) and improvisations (taksimler) that frame a choral composition (the ayin proper), a large work that is divided into four sections (selamlar). Beginning with a sung eulogy in praise of Mevlana (naʿt-i şerif), the genre also accommodat…

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O'Connell, John M., “Ayin”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_23036>
First published online: 2009
First print edition: 9789004181311, 2009, 2009-4

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