Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(7,335 words)

The Ayyūbids were a dynasty founded by Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn b. Ayyūb (Saladin), which ruled Egypt, Muslim Syria-Palestine, the greater part of Upper Mesopotamia, and Yemen from the end of the sixth/twelfth to the middle of the seventh/thirteenth century.

1. The history of a dynasty

The family’s eponym, Ayyūb b. Shādhī, whose ancestors are unknown, was born in a village near Dwin (Dvin), in Armenia. He belonged to the Rawwādī clan of the…

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Eddé, Anne-Marie, “Ayyūbids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_0164>
First published online: 2007
First print edition: 9789004161634, 2007, 2007-2

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