The Ayyūbids were a dynasty founded by Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn b. Ayyūb (Saladin), which ruled Egypt, Muslim Syria-Palestine, the greater part of Upper Mesopotamia, and Yemen from the end of the sixth/twelfth to the middle of the seventh/thirteenth century.
1. The history of a dynasty
The family’s eponym, Ayyūb b. Shādhī, whose ancestors are unknown, was born in a village near Dwin (Dvin), in Armenia. He belonged to the Rawwādī clan of the…
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Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson.
Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_0164>