Baqīʿ al-Gharqad
(1,079 words)

Baqīʿ al-Gharqad is the principal cemetery of Medina, the oldest and historically most important Islamic graveyard. The word baqīʿ originally denoted a area covered with trees and scrub, and gharqad is the box-thorn (genus Lycium). Though there are, in the cemetery of al-Maʿlā, in Mecca, tombs (such as that of Khadīja) ascribed to Muslims who died before the hijra, the cemetery of Medina is the first exclusively Muslim burial-ground. According to Islamic tradition, the prophet Muḥammad himself selected its location. His reported words and deeds in conn…

Cite this page
Ende, Werner, “Baqīʿ al-Gharqad”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 22 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2010
First print edition: 9789004183902, 2010, 2010-1

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