Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Bayar, Mahmut Celal
(586 words)

Mahmut Celal Bayar (1883–1986) was one of the Republic of Turkey’s most prominent politicians, who served as a minister, prime minister, and the country’s third president.

Bayar was born in the Ottoman province of Bursa, into a religious family of Balkan refugees. After completing middle school, he began his professional career at the age of 15, as a clerk in a bank. Following the 1908 coup, he became a prominent member of the local branch of the Committee of Union and Progress, or CUP (İttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti, İttiḥ…

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Dawletschin-Linder, Camilla, “Bayar, Mahmut Celal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24313>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004203532, 2011, 2011-1

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