Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Bayezid I
(1,797 words)

Sultan Bayezid I (Bāyezīd I, r. 791–805/1389–1403) was the first true Ottoman empire-builder, known as Yıldırım (lightning bolt). During his thirteen-year reign, he led the first Ottoman siege of Constantinople, defeated a Crusader army at Nicopolis, on the Danube (798/1396), and used an army consisting largely of janissaries and Christian vassals to annex the rival Muslim principalities (beyliks) of Anatolia. He was the first Ottoman ruler to challenge the Mamlūks and threaten Byzantium with elimination, and had, by the end of his reign, come close t…

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Kastritsis, Dimitris J., “Bayezid I”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24544>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 9789004282100, 2015, 2015-1

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