Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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(618 words)

The beste (pl. besteler) is an important vocal genre in Turkish art music. Derived from the Persian word basta (“bound”), the beste is a composition which consists of two couplets configured into a single four-line strophe. Characteristic of the murabba (murabbaʿ) form, each line (mısra; mıṣrāʿ) adheres to a particular rhyme scheme where all lines rhyme with the exception of line 3; that is, the first line of the second couplet (beyt). Mirroring this literary convention, the beste is composed in an AABA format, each musical line (hane; khāne) having the same melody with the excepti…

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O'Connell, John M., “Beste”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24017>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004252677, 2013, 2013-2

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