Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Black Sea
(4,509 words)

The Black Sea is a major inland sea located between southeastern Europe and Anatolia (area 421638 sq. km/162,795 sq. mi; coastline length 4869 km/3025 mi; maximum east-west distance 1,175 km/730 mi, minimum north-south distance 260 km/160 mi, maximum depth 2,212 m/7,257 ft, volume 547,000 cu. km/131,200 cu. mi). It is bordered by the present-day states of Ukraine to the north, Russia to the northeast, Georgia to the east, Turkey to the south, and Bulgaria and Romania to the west. It is connected t…

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Ostapchuk, Victor, “Black Sea”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 24 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_24347>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004252691, 2013, 2013-4

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