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Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm Bū Kharūba, known by the nom de guerre Houari Boumedienne (Boumediene, Hawārī Bū Midyān, d. 1978), is considered the founder of the modern Algerian political system. He was born near Guelma (Qālama, in eastern Algeria) on 23 August 1932 into an Arabic-speaking peasant family of Berber origins. As an adolescent, he witnessed the massacres of May 1945 in his home region of Guelma. During the celebrations of the armistice of 8 May 1945 in Sétif and Guelma, nationalist activists raised the A…

Cite this page
Bozzo, Anna, “Boumedienne”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 18 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004252677, 2013, 2013-2

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