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Caucasus, pre-900/1500
(3,226 words)

The Caucasus range, which constitutes a natural barrier between Europe and Asia, was called in pre-900/1500 Muslim sources al-Qabq (Ibn Ḥawqal, 306, 319; Ḥudūd al-ʿālam, 67, 145, 201; al-Kabkh (al-Masʿūdī, 399). Pre-Islamic Persian sources referred to it as Kaf Kof, a Middle Persian name that appears in Sāsānid-era inscriptions (MacKenzie,…

Cite this page
Gocheleishvili, Iago, “Caucasus, pre-900/1500”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2014
First print edition: 9789004269637, 2014, 2014-4

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