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(1,795 words)

Cem (864–900/1459–95) was the third son of Sultan Mehmed II (Sulṭān Meḥmed II, r. 848–50/1444–6 and 855–86/1451–81) and the brother of Bayezid II (Bāyezīd II, r. 886–918/1481–1512), who defeated him in the struggle over succession.

Cem was born on 27 Safer (Ṣafar) 864/22 December 1459, in Edirne. His mother, Çiçek Hatun (Çiçek Khātūn), was probably of Serbian origin. In accordance with the custom for an Ottoman prince (şehzade, şehzāde), Cem was appointed to a provincial governorship (of Kastamonu) in 1469. He went to Istanbul for his circumcision in July 1472 an…

Cite this page
Vatin, Nicolas, “Cem”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 16 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004203549, 2011, 2011-2

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