Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE

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Committee of Union and Progress
(926 words)

The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP, İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti, İttiḥād ve Teraqqī Cemʿiyyeti) emerged as the dominant political organization in the Ottoman Empire when Sultan Abdülhamid II (ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd II, r. 1293–1327/1876–1909) restored the constitution in July 1908. However, in the traditional society of the Empire, the CUP could not attempt to take power, and two grand viziers, Said (Saʿīd) Paşa (d. 1914) and Kamil (Kāmil) Paşa (d. 1913), were allowed to rule. The Committee intended to …

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Ahmad, Feroz, “Committee of Union and Progress”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 22 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_27783>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 9789004282100, 2015, 2015-1



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