Constantinus Africanus
(1,243 words)

Constantinus Africanus (Constantine the African, d. before 1098–9 C.E.) was the first to introduce Arabic medical texts into Western Europe, in the second half of the eleventh century, thereby initiating a revival of medicine that would lead to its becoming a university discipline by the beginning of the thirteenth century. As the name Africanus indicates, Constantine hailed from the Maghrib. Two biographical narratives—one by Peter the Deacon, a monk who was the librarian of the abbey of Monte C…

Cite this page
Jacquart, Danielle, “Constantinus Africanus”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Edited by: Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Consulted online on 22 September 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004203549, 2011, 2011-2

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